Time series modeling and filtering method of electric power load stochastic noise
Protection and Control of Modern Power Systems
Stochastic noises have a great adverse effect on the prediction accuracy of electric power load. Modeling online and filtering real-time can effectively improve measurement accuracy. Firstly, pretreating and inspecting statistically the electric power load data is essential to characterize the stochastic noise of electric power load. Then, set order for the time series model by Akaike information criterion (AIC) rule and acquire model coefficients to establish ARMA (2,1) model. Next, test the
... l. Next, test the applicability of the established model. Finally, Kalman filter is adopted to process the electric power load data. Simulation results of total variance demonstrate that stochastic noise is obviously decreased after Kalman filtering based on ARMA (2,1) model. Besides, variance is reduced by two orders, and every coefficient of stochastic noise is reduced by one order. The filter method based on time series model does reduce stochastic noise of electric power load, and increase measurement accuracy.