Solving Electricity Deficit in Kinshasa With Solar Kits
This paper highlights the importance of adopting use of solar kits to overcome the shortage of electricity supply in the city of Kinshasa instead of polluting generators. Given a need for electricity delivery estimated at 5 kWh for a poor household of three occupants, a 1 kW solar kit sold for US $990 would perfectly replace SNEL network, the unique electric utility company that uses rolling blackout to handle its low power supply capability within the town, with all the environmental benefits
... n lieu of a 4 kW power generator sold at US $900 with all the consequences related to the use of fossil fuels in terms of CO 2 emissions harmful to health and the environment. Similarly for a middle class household of five occupants, a solar kit of 3 kW to 2,700 dollars or 5 kW to 4,600 dollars is far preferable to an 8 kW generator of US $4,155 which pollutes and entails expenses related to the fuel consumption. SOLVING ELECTRICITY DEFICIT IN KINSHASA WITH SOLAR KITS 150 from relieving the population because it has very negative environmental consequences. Thus, through this paper, we analyze the possibility of initiating other energy alternatives for this country and specially its capital Kinshasa, such as solar energy with all its advantages in terms of cost, installation, and protection of the environment. Data and Methodology The data used in this paper come from periodicals, newspapers, and specialized books on energy. We also proceeded to a field research to retrieve raw data that we exploited and oriented in the direction of our analysis. An analytical and comparative method is then used to evaluate electricity supply and demand in the city of Kinshasa and thus propose more practical solutions in terms of solar energy.