Mohammad Othman ALNais
2001 ERJ. Engineering Research Journal  
Universities and colleges offer students the opportunity to grow intellectually and creatively through the advanced study of science, engineering and literature. As modem workforces require well-motivated individuals with the skills and adaptability to meet the demands of an ever more competitive world market for quality products, the govcrnment of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA) wants to see a successful and inclusive society, with a competitive economy built on the talents and skills of
more » ... The idea that technology is changing the way we work and learn has become a constant refrain in contemporary society. Thus, universities and higher colleges look to modem technologies to help solve problenls that have inhibited learning in the past. Another challenge to institutions of higher education with regard to professional development in areas of technology is the mere fact that students of tomorrow will be more dependent on technology skills than the students of today. Taking up the idea that educational technologies have the potential to alter how universities and higher colleges are run and how students learn. This paper addresses how to encourage widespread effective use of new technologies in teaching, learning and research in all educational institutions and all subjects to ensure that students are able to use new technologies to enhance their learning and prepare for working life. formal education has not yet been able to adequately cope with them. Educational sciences made efforts to use te'chhology of industrial society for their own purposes, this technology eminently mechanical and'electrical. At the end of this century education has had to incorporate powerful technological tools provided by new electronic, magnetic and optical systems. The contrast between the two types of technological implementation is revealing. Entering the 21 st century, we embark on an era of historic change in which the new communication, computing and information technologies (IT) have the potential to renovate education and society [I] fully for the betterment of humankind. IT has the potential to solve many problems, it can change the roles of students and faculties, facilitate more learner-centered, personalized education, and expand the scope and content of the curriculum [2,3]. Changes in technologies change what people can do in life, and significantly alter the possibilities open to people thinking. They change five conditions limiting the value and power of ideas in human activity. New communications tech-nologies facilitate the production and reproductions of ideas; they expand the storage of ideas and make their retrieval faster and more adaptable to the constraints of situation, time, and place; they improve the transmission of ideas, expand selection among them, and strengthen the human capacity to use ideas to process information intelligently. Thus, formal education must adopt a new pedagogy, oriented not to text-bound subject matters, but to dynamic operational skills and collaborative modes of inter-disciplinary thinking. Students will require new languages to interact with information systems. They will require a multi-model literacy combining video, audio, graphics, animation, and simulation, along the text. They will require a more refined ability to handle the language of inquiry, knowing where and how to formulate and frame their questions, to obtain useful information, and to create empowering ideas. They will require the capacity to produce new knowledge by discovering, selecting, and combining previously unrelated data in novel ways. Education will increasingly be judged, not only by what the well instructed prove to know, but more fully by what people are empowered to do in fulfilling their lives and contributing to the greater social good. Knowledge is power, and in an intellectual democracy it must be power for all universities and in all educational institutions. Hence, an education for the 21" century must provide people with mastery of the intellectual and technical skills necessary to participate to their field potential. And Just as IT has brought about the convergence of computing and communications, so, we believe, can bring technology and education close together. Today's students will thus live their entire life in a technological world. And as technology plays a major role in reducing professional pressure on lecturers and increasing the efficiency of student comprehension [4] . According to I-Iolsinger [ 5 ] , a single topic. expanded with graphics, text, and. video, can help a student grasp difficult subjects. By using a large screen projector with an interactive software program, lecturers may elicit questions from students, and respond with a variety of media to illustrate and explain difficult concepts. Universities will not survive such uncontrollable expenditures. without any visible improvement in either the content of quality of education [6] and must thus get serious about preparing them for the world [7] .
doi:10.21608/erjm.2001.71025 fatcat:unfg4h64kraw3km2lnndon54ju