The Economic and Social Organisation of the Hacienda San Felipe de Combayo (Cajamarca, Peru), c. 1918

Lewis Taylor
2000 Jahrbuch für Geschichte Lateinamerikas – Anuario de Historia de America Latina  
The common perception of the great estate in Andean Peru during the twentieth century held that it represented a "feudal" institution owned by landlords possessing a non-entrepreneurial outlook and little interest in agricultural modernisation. In the social sphere, it was claimed that the estate utilised non-waged labour and operated an oppressive system of debt bondage. This article discusses this mainstream view through an examination of the hacienda San Felipe de Combayo, located in Peru's
more » ... located in Peru's northern highlands. It is argued that in important aspects socio-economic conditions prevailing on Combayo differed from the stereotypical image popularised by Mariátegui and Haya de la Torre in the 1920s and accepted uncritically by many later authors. A few examples include Daniel Cotlear, Desarrollo campesino en los Andes (Lima 1987); Max Mossbruker, La economía campesina y el concepto de "comunidad". Un enfoque crítico (Lima 1990); Efraín Gonzales, En las fronteras del mercado. Economía política del campesinado en el Perú (Lima 1994). 2 The main books published post-1980 on highland agriculture during the colonial period, are Luis Miguel Glave/María Isabel Remy, Estructura agraria y vida rural en una region andina. Ollantaytambo entre los siglos xvii y xix (Cusco 1983);
doi:10.7767/jbla.2000.37.1.223 fatcat:my3yv4qqxfedbettmmi23p5fpy