KMTNET SUPERNOVA PROGRAM VARIABLE OBJECTS I. NGC 2784 FIELD

MATTHIAS YANG HE, DAE-SIK MOON, HILDING NEILSON, JAE-JOON LEE, SANG CHUL KIM, MINA PAK, HONG SOO PARK, DONG-JIN KIM, YONGSEOK LEE, SEUNG-LEE KIM, CHUNG-UK LEE
2016 Journal of The Korean Astronomical Society  
We present analyses of ∼1250 variable sources identified in a 20 square degree field toward NGC 2784 by the KMTNet Supernova Program. We categorize the variable sources into three groups based on their B-band variability. The first group consists of 31 high variability sources with their Bband RMS variability greater than 0.3 magnitudes. The second group of medium variability contains 265 sources with RMS variability between 0.05 and 0.3 magnitudes. The remaining 951 sources belong to the third
more » ... belong to the third group of low variability with an RMS variability smaller than 0.05 magnitudes. Of the entire ∼1250 sources, 4 clearly show periods of variability greater than 100 days, while the rest have periods shorter than ∼51 days or no reliable periods. The majority of the sources show either rather irregular variability or short periods faster than 2 days. Most of the sources with reliable period determination between 2 and 51 days belong to the low-variability group, although a few belong to the medium-variability group. All the variable sources with periods longer than 35 days appear to be very red with B − V > 1.5 and V − I > 2.1 magnitudes. We classify candidates of 51 Cepheids, 17 semi-regular variables, 3 Mira types, 2 RV(B) Tauri stars, 26 eclipsing binary systems and 1 active galactic nucleus. The majority of long-term variables in our sample belong to either Mira or semi-regular types, indicating that long-term variability may be more prominent in post-main sequence phases of late-type stars. The depth of the eclipsing dips of the 26 candidates for eclipsing binaries is equivalent to ∼0.61 as the average relative size of the two stars in the binary system. Our results illustrate the power of the KMTNet Supernova Program for future studies of variable objects.
doi:10.5303/jkas.2016.49.5.209 fatcat:ir64kfkwvjdyffrunh4nxy3puy