Depression and anxiety and their relationship with the anthropometric profile of patients in Cardiac Rehabilitation Phases I and II
Depression is a mental state disorder that affects a good number of people around the world and that, along with anxiety, is a wide-reaching problem that can strike patients after undergoing heart surgery. Objectives: To determine the levels of depression and anxiety, and their relationship with overweight and obesity, in patients attending cardiac rehabilitation phases I and II. Method: Fifty patients receiving cardiac rehabilitation (25 in phase I and 25 in phase II) were selected. The
... l Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) was used to screen anxiety and depression disorders. In addition, the anthropometry of the participants was examined and Kolmogorov-Smirnov and Shapiro-Wilk normality tests were performed. Mean, standard deviation and Pearson correlation coefficient with a significant degree of p<0.050 were also applied. Results: The 50 participants (66% men) had an average age of 63.86±10.99, with postoperative diagnosis of coronary-artery bypass grafting (44%), coronary angioplasty (40%), atherosclerotic disease (4%), aortic valve replacement (4%), atrial septal defect closure (4%), implanted pacemaker (2%) and physical deconditioning (2%). Depression was found at 36% and anxiety at 30%. Conclusions: There is a high prevalence of depression and anxiety in cardiac rehabilitation programs; its frequency is higher in phase I compared to phase II. Moreover, we found that there is a slight-mild correlation between anxiety versus normal weight and obesity, as well as depression versus overweight.