Clinical Significance of a Sensitive Assay for Thyroid-Stimulating Antibodies in Graves' Disease Using Polyethylene Glycol at High Concentrations and Porcine Thyroid Cells

1999 Endocrine journal  
Abstracts. The Inui and Ochi group recently reported that CAMP production by porcine thyroid cells (PTC) was augmented more by polyethylene glycol (PEG) 22.5% precipitated fractions from almost all Graves' sera than those of PEG 12.5%. In the present study, thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin (TSI) activity was determined with PTC and prepared crude Ig fractions precipitated by two different concentrations of PEG (final concentrations 13.5% and 22.5%) from sera obtained from 117 Graves'
more » ... The activity of TSI determined by the PEG 13.5% assay and activity determined by the PEG 22.5% assay were designated as thyroid-stimulating antibody (TSAb) and sTSAb, respectively. At first we studied 55 TSAb-positive patients with untreated hyperthyroid Graves' disease and classified them according to the TSAb activity-below 500% (group 1) and above 500% (group 2). The positive stimulatory effect, arbitrarily defined as the ratio of sTSAb to TSAb, being more than 1.2, was observed in 85% of patients, and group 1 had a significantly (P<0.025) greater stimulatory effect (34/35, 97.1%) than group 2 (13/20, 65%). Subsequently, in 29 TSAb-negative patients, sTSAb was measured and detected in 26 (89.7%). Finally, sTSAb, TSAb and TBII were compared between patients presenting with recurrent Graves' disease and those with silent thyroiditis after withdrawal of antithyroid drug treatment for Graves' disease. sTSAb was detected in all 14 relapsed patients, but none of the 9 patients with silent thyroiditis had detectable sTSAb. In contrast, TSAb and TBII activities were found in only 7 (50.0%) of the 14 relapsed cases. The present paper demonstrated that the assay with a higher PEG concentration was found to be sensitive, specific and useful for the diagnosis and follow-up of Graves' disease after drug withdrawal, although the underlying mechanism remains unclear.
doi:10.1507/endocrj.46.397 pmid:10503992 fatcat:fv4bklxdrzfyzpwxzxqe5q5m4i