Association of practice hour, frequency and amount with self-rated health and outpatient visits among senior soccer players in Japan

Yosuke Shibata, Yasunari Kurita, Takaaki Hanada, Hirofumi Yamashita, SungHyek Kim, Toshiyuki Ojima
2018 Japanese journal of physical fitness and sports  
This study aimed to examine the association of practice hour, frequency, and amount with self-rated health (SRH) and outpatient visits (OV) among senior soccer players in Japan. This cross-sectional study included a total of 995 players who participated in the 5th Senior Soccer Festival in Shizuoka in May 2016. We conducted a self-administered questionnaire (response rate, 43.7%). Information on practice hour and frequency in the past 3 months was obtained. Practice amount was calculated by
more » ... iplying them. Information on SRH and OV were obtained using the same items of Health questionnaire on Comprehensive Survey of Living Conditions 2013. Practice hour, frequency, and amount were divided into the following tertiles: low, moderate, and high. The SRH and OV for 16 diseases were categorized into 2 groups, respectively. Prevalence ratios (PRs) were calculated using Poisson regression analysis with SRH or OV as objective variables, and practice hour, frequency, and amount as explanatory variables in separate models. The mean age was 67.2 years; all subjects were men. Overall, 196 (44.9%) subjects had good SRH, and 211 (48.3%) had OV for 16 diseases. PRs for good SRH on practice frequency and amount was 2.34 (95% confidence interval, 1.34-4.09) with high group (reference was low group) and 1.58 (1.18-2.11) with high group. The trend test was also significant. PRs for OV for the endocrine metabolic system on practice frequency was 0.39 (0.16-0.98) with high group. The trend test was also significant. This study suggested that higher practice frequency lead to maintain or improve health status. Jpn J Phys Fitness Sports Med, 67(4): 291-301 (2018) 3 静清リハビリテーション病院リハビリテーション部,〒420-0823 静岡県静岡市葵区春日 2-12-25 (Department of Rehabilitation, Seisei Rehabilitation Hospital, 2-12-25 Kasuga, Aoi-ku, Shizuoka, Shizuoka 420-0823, Japan) 4 遠州病院リハビリテーション科,〒430-0929 静岡県浜松市中区中央1丁目1-1 (Department of Rehabilitation, Enshu Hospital, 1-1-1 Chuo, Naka-ku, Hamamatsu, Shizuoka 430-0929, Japan) 緒 言 最新の総務省の人口推計によると,本邦の高齢者の割 合は 27.7 % であり世界のトップである 1) .人は年を重ね るにつれて,身体機能の低下 2, 3) ,認知機能の低下 4) など が起こる. 虚弱な高齢者が増えることは,医療費の増加 5) や要介護者の増加 6) につながる.本邦において,医療費 を削減することや要介護者を減少させることは対処すべ き喫緊の課題である. 一方で,虚弱や弱者といった高齢者のイメージを払拭 する元気な高齢者も増加している 7) .就業者総数に占め る 65 歳以上の者の割合は,2006 年には 23.8 % だったが, 2016 年は 31.1 % に増加している 8) .内閣府が行った平成 25 年度高齢者の地域社会への参加に関する意識調査で は,何らかの活動を実施している高齢者は現在61.0 % で あり 25 年前の 36.4 % から大幅に増加している 9) .特に, スポーツは 33.7 % の者が実施しており,最も実施されて いる活動である 9) .また,今後実施したい活動としても 体力科学 第 67 巻 第 4 号 291-301 (2018) DOI:10.7600/jspfsm.67.291
doi:10.7600/jspfsm.67.291 fatcat:3jpzy7nv3bhrzhfxdxrjafx62m