The Structures of ZnCl2-Ethanol Mixtures, a Spectroscopic and Quantum Chemical Calculation Study

Payam Kalhor, Yaqian Wang, Zhiwu Yu
2021 Molecules  
We report in this article the structural properties, spectral behavior and heterogeneity of ZnCl2-ethanol (EtOH) mixtures in a wide-composition range (1:3 to 1:14 in molar ratios), using ATR-FTIR spectroscopy and quantum chemical calculations. To improve the resolution of the initial IR spectra, excess spectroscopy and two-dimensional correlation spectroscopy were employed. The transformation process was suggested to be from EtOH trimer and EtOH tetramer to EtOH monomer, EtOH dimer and
more » ... OH complex upon mixing. The theoretical findings showed that increasing the content of EtOH was accompanied with the flow of negative charge to ZnCl2. This led to reinforcement of the Zn←O coordination bonds, increase of the ionic character of Zn‒Cl bond and weakening and even dissociation of the Zn‒Cl bond. It was found that in some of the ZnCl2-EtOH complexes optimized at the gas phase or under the solvent effect, there existed hydroxyls with a very special interactive array in the form of Cl‒Zn+←O‒H...Cl-, which incredibly red-shifted to wavenumbers <3000 cm-1. This in-depth study shows the physical insights of the respective electrolyte alcoholic solutions, particularly the solvation process of the salt, help to rationalize the reported experimental results, and may shed light on understanding the properties of the deep eutectic solvents formed from ZnCl2 and an alcohol.
doi:10.3390/molecules26092498 pmid:33922922 fatcat:ebtbg6qvlbbu3nfnwlpgw7x764