Melatonin Inhibits the Ferroptotic Pathway in Rat Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells by Activating the PI3K-AKT-mTOR Signaling Axis to Attenuate Steroid-induced Osteoporosis [post]

meng li, ning yang, li hao, wei zhou, lei li, lei liu, fang fang, lei xu, gang yao, chen zhu, wei xu, shiyuan fang
2021 unpublished
ObjectivesSteroid-induced osteoporosis (SIOP) is a secondary osteoporosis, which is a systemic bone disease characterized by low bone mass, bone microstructure damage, increased bone fragility, and easy fracture. However, the specific mechanism remains unclear. Glucocorticoid-induced death of osteoblasts and bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (BMSCs) is an important factor in SIOP. Ferroptosis is an iron-dependent programmed cell death that differs from apoptosis, cell necrosis, and autophagy,
more » ... hich can be induced by many factors. Herein, we aimed to explore whether glucocorticoids (GCs) cause ferroptosis in BMSCs and determine possible treatment pathways and mechanisms of action. Melatonin (MT), a hormone secreted by the pineal gland, displays strong antioxidant abilities to scavenge free radicals and alleviates ferroptosis in many tissues and organs. MethodsIn this study, we used high-dose dexamethasone (DEX) to observe whether glucocorticoids induced ferroptosis in BMSCs. We then assessed whether MT can inhibit the ferroptotic pathway, thereby providing early protection against GC-induced SIOP, and investigated the signaling pathways involved.ResultsIn vitro experiments showed that MT intervention significantly improved GC-induced ferroptosis in BMSCs and significantly improved SIOP in vivo. Pathway analysis showed that MT improves ferroptosis by activating the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K)/protein kinase B (AKT)/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) axis. MT upregulates expression of PI3K, which is an important regulator of ferroptosis resistance. PI3K activators mimic the anti-ferroptosis effect of MT, but after blocking the PI3K pathway, the effect of MT is weakened. Obviously, MT can protect against SIOP induced by GC. Notably, even after GC-induced ferroptosis begins, MT can confer protection against SIOP. ConclusionOur research confirms that GC-induced ferroptosis is closely related to SIOP. Melatonin can inhibit ferroptosis by activating the PI3K-AKT-mTOR signaling pathway, thereby reducing the occurrence of steroid-induced osteoporosis. Therefore, MT may provide a novel strategy for preventing and treating SIOP.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:pothjd422fcupan7v36wrfplqm