Overexpression of Ets-1 in human hematopoietic progenitor cells blocks erythroid and promotes megakaryocytic differentiation

V Lulli, P Romania, O Morsilli, M Gabbianelli, A Pagliuca, S Mazzeo, U Testa, C Peschle, G Marziali
2005 Cell Death and Differentiation  
Ets-1 is a widely expressed transcription factor implicated in development, tumorigenesis and hematopoiesis. We analyzed Ets-1 gene expression during human erythroid and megakaryocytic (MK) differentiation in unilineage cultures of CD34 þ progenitor cells. During erythroid maturation, Ets-1 is downmodulated and exported from the nucleus into the cytoplasm through an active mechanism mediated by a leucine-rich nuclear export signal. In contrast, during megakaryocytopoiesis Ets-1 increases and
more » ... -1 increases and remains localized in the nucleus up to terminal maturation. Overexpression of Ets-1 in erythroid cells blocks maturation at the polychromatophilic stage, increases GATA-2 and decreases both GATA-1 and erythropoietin receptor expression. Conversely, Ets-1 overexpressing megakaryocytes are characterized by enhanced differentiation and maturation, coupled with upmodulation of GATA-2 and megakaryocyte-specific genes. We show that Ets-1 binds to and activates the GATA-2 promoter, in vitro and in vivo, indicating that one of the pathways through which Ets-1 blocks erythroid and promotes MK differentiation is via upmodulation of GATA-2 expression.
doi:10.1038/sj.cdd.4401811 pmid:16294212 fatcat:eezjoaftofaxfoxwre6zrbujwy