Theorizing State-Diaspora Relations in the Middle East: Authoritarian Emigration States in Comparative Perspective [post]

Gerasimos Tsourapas
2019 unpublished
Recent scholarly interest in the politics of migration and diaspora across the Global South has yet to address how authoritarian states attempt to reach out to populations abroad. In an effort to shift the discussion on state-diaspora relations beyond liberal democratic contexts and single-case studies, this article comparatively examines how authoritarian emigration states in the Middle East – Libya, Syria, Egypt, Turkey, and Jordan – behave towards their own citizens living beyond state
more » ... beyond state borders. It identifies how each state develops multi-tier diaspora engagement policies aimed at three separate stages of citizens' mobility: first, policies of exit regulate aspects related to emigration from the country of origin; second, overseas policies target citizens beyond the territorial boundaries of the nation state; finally, return policies set processes of readmission into the country of origin. In doing so, the article identifies similarities across disparate Middle East states' engagement with emigration and diaspora policymaking. At the same time, the article paints a more complex picture of non-democracies' strategies towards cross-border mobility that problematizes existing conceptualizations of authoritarian practices and state-diaspora relations.
doi:10.31235/osf.io/r7e3x fatcat:fh3qa46tsfalvc6lbcr2j3z7he