Threshold dose of cow's milk in sensitization to casein higher than those of casein and β-lactoglobulin in children with cow's milk allergy

Yukiko Otsuka, Hideyuki Morita, Yuka Kimura, Rikako Mori, Kumiko Miyazaki, Yuko Shimokawa, Koji Tatabayashi, Michinori Funato, Hideo Kaneko
2021 Asian Pacific Journal of Allergy and Immunology  
Recent treatment for food allergies involves the intake of allergy-causing foods at doses lower than the threshold dose determined by the oral food challenge (OFC). For a more successful treatment, it is necessary to identify a biomarker to establish safer doses of allergens in foods consumed at home. In this study, we aim to investigate whether the pattern of sensitization to cow's milk (CM) is related to the threshold dose of CM. Fifty patients with sensitization to casein (casein-specific
more » ... titer ≥ 0.7 UA/ml) and who have undergone the CM OFC test from July 2013 to July 2015 were enrolled. They were examined for the presence or absence of sensitization to β-lactoglobulin (BLG) (BLG-specific IgE ≥ 0.7 UA/ml). They were divided into two groups, namely, the only-casein-specific IgE-positive (C) group, and both casein- and BLG-specific IgE-positive (C + B) group. The C group had 26 patients and the C + B group had 24. Both the CM- and casein-specific IgE titers were higher in the C + B group than in the C group. The positivity rates determined from OFC test results were 53.8 and 87.5%, and the threshold doses of CM were 88.7 and 31.1 ml in the C and C + B groups, respectively. In patients with low casein-specific IgE titers (≤ 10 UA/ml), the C + B group showed a significantly lower threshold dose of CM than the C group. Our results suggest that children with CM allergy sensitized to casein alone have a higher threshold dose than those sensitized to both casein and BLG.
doi:10.12932/ap-220720-0927 pmid:33865301 fatcat:cekbhruidzesbjkfvs7wxmnb54