Novel aerosol extinction coefficients and lidar ratios over the ocean from CALIPSO–CloudSat: evaluation and global statistics

David Painemal, Marian Clayton, Richard Ferrare, Sharon Burton, Damien Josset, Mark Vaughan
2019 Atmospheric Measurement Techniques  
<p><strong>Abstract.</strong> Aerosol extinction coefficients (<span class="inline-formula"><i>σ</i><sub>a</sub></span>) and lidar ratios (LRs) are retrieved over the ocean from CALIPSO's Cloud-Aerosol Lidar with Orthogonal Polarization (CALIOP) attenuated backscatter profiles by solving the lidar equation constrained with aerosol optical depths (AODs) derived by applying the Synergized Optical Depth of Aerosols (SODA) algorithm to ocean surface returns measured by CALIOP and CloudSat's Cloud
more » ... ofiling Radar. <span class="inline-formula"><i>σ</i><sub>a</sub></span> and LR are retrieved for two independent scenarios that require somewhat different assumptions: (a) a single homogeneous atmospheric layer (1L) for which the LR is constant with height and (b) a vertically homogeneous layer with a constant LR overlying a marine boundary layer with a homogenous LR fixed at 25&amp;thinsp;sr (two-layer method, 2L). These new retrievals differ from the standard CALIPSO version 4.1 (V4) product, as the CALIOP–SODA method does not rely on an aerosol classification scheme to select LR. CALIOP–SODA <span class="inline-formula"><i>σ</i><sub>a</sub></span> and LR are evaluated using airborne high-spectral-resolution lidar (HSRL) observations over the northwest Atlantic. CALIOP–SODA LR (1L and 2L) positively correlates with its HSRL counterpart (linear correlation coefficient <span class="inline-formula"><i>r</i>&amp;gt;0.67</span>), with a negative bias smaller than 17.4&amp;thinsp;% and a good agreement for <span class="inline-formula"><i>σ</i><sub>a</sub></span> (<span class="inline-formula"><i>r</i>≥</span>0.78) with a small negative bias (<span class="inline-formula"><math xmlns="" id="M7" display="inline" overflow="scroll" dspmath="mathml"><mrow><mo>≤</mo><mo>|</mo><mo>-</mo><mn mathvariant="normal">9.2</mn><mspace linebreak="nobreak" width="0.125em"/><mi mathvariant="italic">%</mi><mo>|</mo></mrow></math><span><svg:svg xmlns:svg="" width="57pt" height="13pt" class="svg-formula" dspmath="mathimg" md5hash="f67eeff144e6281595dbea33f3f700d0"><svg:image xmlns:xlink="" xlink:href="amt-12-2201-2019-ie00001.svg" width="57pt" height="13pt" src="amt-12-2201-2019-ie00001.png"/></svg:svg></span></span>). Furthermore, a global comparison of optical depths derived by CALIOP–SODA and CALIPSO V4 reveals substantial discrepancies over regions dominated by dust and smoke (0.24), whereas Aqua's Moderate resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and SODA AOD regional differences are within 0.06.</p> <p>Global maps of CALIOP–SODA LR feature high values over littoral zones, consistent with expectations of continental aerosol transport offshore. In addition, seasonal transitions associated with biomass burning from June to October over the southeast Atlantic are well reproduced by CALIOP–SODA LR.</p>
doi:10.5194/amt-12-2201-2019 fatcat:yi7ucg7fxjcl5e2zgb43ocdsiy