Measurement of 3D bubble distribution using digital inline holography [article]

Siyao Shao, Jiarong Hong
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The paper presents a hybrid bubble hologram processing approach for measuring the size and 3D distribution of bubbles over a wide range of size and shape. The proposed method consists of five major steps, including image enhancement, digital reconstruction, small bubble segmentation, large bubble/cluster segmentation, and post-processing. Two different segmentation approaches are proposed to extract the size and the location of bubbles in different size ranges from the 3D reconstructed optical
more » ... ield. Specifically, a small bubble is segmented based on the presence of the prominent intensity minimum in its longitudinal intensity profile, and its depth is determined by the location of the minimum. In contrast, a large bubble/cluster is segmented using a modified watershed segmentation algorithm and its depth is measured through a wavelet-based focus metric. Our processing approach also determines the inclination angle of a large bubble with respect to the hologram recording plane based on the depth variation along its edge on the plane. The accuracy of our processing approach on the measurements of bubble size, location and inclination is assessed using the synthetic bubble holograms and a 3D printed physical target. The holographic measurement technique is further implemented to capture the fluctuation of instantaneous gas leakage rate from a ventilated supercavity generated in a water tunnel experiment. Overall, our paper introduces a low cost, compact and high-resolution bubble measurement technique that can be used for characterizing low void fraction bubbly flow in a broad range of applications.
arXiv:1904.10894v1 fatcat:d3ro647w7vhjrdrveb3swmj6nq