5-ALA Fluorescence Is a Powerful Prognostic Marker during Surgery of Low-Grade Gliomas (WHO Grade II)—Experience at Two Specialized Centers
The prediction of the individual prognosis of low-grade glioma (LGG) patients is limited in routine clinical practice. Nowadays, 5-aminolevulinic acid (5-ALA) fluorescence is primarily applied for improved intraoperative visualization of high-grade gliomas. However, visible fluorescence is also observed in rare cases despite LGG histopathology and might be an indicator for aggressive tumor behavior. The aim of this study was thus to investigate the value of intraoperative 5-ALA fluorescence for
... LA fluorescence for prognosis in LGG patients. We performed a retrospective analysis of patients with newly diagnosed histopathologically confirmed LGG and preoperative 5-ALA administration at two independent specialized centers. In this cohort, we correlated the visible intraoperative fluorescence status with progression-free survival (PFS), malignant transformation-free survival (MTFS) and overall survival (OS). Altogether, visible fluorescence was detected in 7 (12%) of 59 included patients in focal intratumoral areas. At a mean follow-up time of 5.3 ± 2.9 years, patients with fluorescing LGG had significantly shorter PFS (2.3 ± 0.7 vs. 5.0 ± 0.4 years; p = 0.01), MTFS (3.9 ± 0.7 vs. 8.0 ± 0.6 years; p = 0.03), and OS (5.4 ± 1.0 vs. 10.3 ± 0.5 years; p = 0.01) than non-fluorescing tumors. Our data indicate that visible 5-ALA fluorescence during surgery of pure LGG might be an already intraoperatively available marker of unfavorable patient outcome and thus close imaging follow-up might be considered.