The complexity of computation in bit streams [article]

Raphael Clifford, Markus Jalsenius, Benjamin Sach
2015 arXiv   pre-print
We revisit the complexity of online computation in the cell probe model. We consider a class of problems where we are first given a fixed pattern or vector F of n symbols and then one symbol arrives at a time in a stream. After each symbol has arrived we must output some function of F and the n-length suffix of the arriving stream. Cell probe bounds of Ω(δn/w) have previously been shown for both convolution and Hamming distance in this setting, where δ is the size of a symbol in bits and w∈Ω(n)
more » ... is the cell size in bits. However, when δ is a constant, as it is in many natural situations, these previous results no longer give us non-trivial bounds. We introduce a new lop-sided information transfer proof technique which enables us to prove meaningful lower bounds even for constant size input alphabets. We use our new framework to prove an amortised cell probe lower bound of Ω(^2 n/(w· n)) time per arriving bit for an online version of a well studied problem known as pattern matching with address errors. This is the first non-trivial cell probe lower bound for any online problem on bit streams that still holds when the cell sizes are large. We also show the same bound for online convolution conditioned on a new combinatorial conjecture related to Toeplitz matrices.
arXiv:1504.00834v1 fatcat:hdw2okkdjremflekbl6b4uanhi