Postischemic Brain Injury Is Exacerbated in Mice Lacking the Kinin B2 Receptor

C.-F. Xia, R. S. Smith, B. Shen, Z.-R. Yang, C. V. Borlongan, L. Chao, J. Chao
2006 Hypertension  
Kallikrein cleaves low molecular weight kininogen to generate vasoactive kinins, which bind to the kinin B2 receptor, triggering a host of biological effects. Kallikrein gene delivery has been shown previously to reduce ischemia/reperfusioninduced cerebral infarction. In this study, we tested the hypothesis that the kinin B2 receptor plays a protective role in ischemic brain injury using kinin B2 receptor gene knockout (B2R-KO) mice subjected to middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO). The
more » ... lity rate and neurological deficit scores of B2R-KO mice (nϭ48) after MCAO were significantly increased compared with wild-type (WT) mice (nϭ40) when examined over a 14-day period. In addition, the infarct volume in B2R-KO mice was significantly larger than in WT mice at days 1 and 3 after MCAO. Similarly, apoptotic cells, detected by TUNEL labeling counterstained with propidium iodide, and caspase-3 activity in the ischemic brain increased significantly in B2R-KO mice at days 1 and 3 after MCAO. Furthermore, the accumulation of neutrophils in the ischemic brain of B2R-KO mice after MCAO increased when compared with WT mice and was associated with elevated tumor necrosis factor ␣ expression. These alterations in B2R-KO mice correlated with decreased NO levels, Akt, and glycogen synthase kinase-3␤ phosphorylation and increased nicotinamide-adenine dinucleotide oxidase activity. These results indicate that the kinin B2 receptor promotes survival and protects against brain injury by suppression of apoptosis and inflammation induced by ischemic stroke. (Hypertension. 2006;47:752-761.)
doi:10.1161/01.hyp.0000214867.35632.0e pmid:16534002 fatcat:ckkzipknnberjmxrqyactdsvw4