Non-Rational Cognitive Processes as Changes of Distinctions [chapter]

Francis Heylighen
1992 New Perspectives on Cybernetics  
Rational cognitive processes are defined as processes controlled by an external system of rules. This control is represented by the conservation of distinctions, where a distinction is conceived as an element of cognitive structuration. Four classes of distinctions (patterns, states, rules, and values) and four classes of distinction processes (conservation, destruction, creation, and creation-and-destruction of distinctions) are defined. The resulting 4 x 4 grid is used to classify cognitive
more » ... ocesses. This allows to model "non-rational" phenomena, such as creativity, emotions, mystical experiences, ..., in a relatively simple way, as incompletely distinction conserving processes.
doi:10.1007/978-94-015-8062-5_5 fatcat:7tm5icruczfy7l5t6infqvjdhq