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Total Control over Ultracold Interactions via Electric and Magnetic Fields
Physical Review Letters
The scattering length is commonly used to characterize the strength of ultracold atomic interactions, since it is the leading parameter in the low-energy expansion of the scattering phase shift. Its value can be modified via a magnetic field, by using a Feshbach resonance. However, the effective range term, which is the second parameter in the phase shift expansion, determines the width of the resonance and gives rise to important properties of ultracold gases. Independent control over thisdoi:10.1103/physrevlett.100.153201 pmid:18518105 fatcat:6qpzh53plzbubnb5y3mkq7jtou