Challenges to Understanding the Dynamic Response of Greenland's Marine Terminating Glaciers to Oceanic and Atmospheric Forcing

Fiammetta Straneo, Patrick Heimbach, Olga Sergienko, Gordon Hamilton, Ginny Catania, Stephen Griffies, Robert Hallberg, Adrian Jenkins, Ian Joughin, Roman Motyka, W. Tad Pfeffer, Stephen F. Price (+4 others)
2013 Bulletin of The American Meteorological Society - (BAMS)  
An interdisciplinary and multifaceted approach is needed to understand the forcings and mechanisms behind the recent retreat and acceleration of Greenland's glaciers and its implications for future sea level rise M ass loss from the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets tripled over the last two decades, from 100 ± 92 Gt yr -1 (0.28 ± 0.26 mm yr -1 sea level equivalent) during 1992-2000 to 298 ± 58 Gt yr -1 (0.83 ± 0.16 mm yr -1 ) during 2000-11 [see Shepherd et al. (2012) and references therein].
more » ... eferences therein]. It presently accounts for about one-quarter of the observed global sea level rise (SLR) from 1992 to 2008 of 3.4 ± 0.4 mm yr -1 (Cazenave and Llovel august 2013 aMERICaN MEtEOROLOgICaL sOCIEtY | ObSERvATiOnS, mEChAniSmS, AnD FORCinGS. Evidence from observations. Approximately half of the GrIS increased mass loss over the AFFiLiATiOnS: Straneo-Woods hole oceanographic institution, Woods hole, massachusetts; HeimbacHmassachusetts institute of technology, Cambridge, massachusetts; Sergienko-princeton University, and noaa/geophysical fluid dynamics laboratory, princeton, new Jersey; Hamilton-University of maine, orono, maine; catania-the University of texas at austin, austin, texas; griFFieS and Hallberg-noaa/ geophysical fluid dynamics laboratory, princeton, new Jersey; JenkinS-British antarctic survey, Cambridge, United Kingdom; JougHin-University of Washington, seattle, Washington; motyka and truFFer-University of alaska fairbanks, fairbanks, alaska; PFeFFer-University of Colorado, Boulder, Colorado; Pricelos alamos national laboratory, los alamos, new mexico; rignot-University of California, irvine, irvine, California, and Jet propulsion laboratory, pasadena, California; ScamboS-national snow and ice
doi:10.1175/bams-d-12-00100.1 fatcat:3rhxb6xda5hdnfnaioxsxxb4si