Effect of propolis on maternal toxicity

Al Mukhlas Fikri, Ahmad Sulaeman, Sri Anna Marliyati, Mokhamad Fahrudin, Ekowati Handharyani
2021 Pharmaceutical Sciences Asia  
Propolis is a natural product that has been extensively used to treat several diseases. However, the safety evaluation of propolis on maternal toxicity has not been reported. This study was aimed to analyze the effect of propolis administration during pregnancy on the function of maternal liver and kidney. A total of 25 pregnant mice were equally divided into five groups (n ≥ 5): control group (Tween 80 1%); low-dose (380 mg/kg b.w) and high-dose (1400 mg/kg b.w) of ethanol extract of propolis
more » ... rom South Sulawesi; lowdose (380 mg/kg b.w) and high-dose (1400 mg/kg b.w) of water extract of propolis from Banten. Propolis was administered for 18 days of gestation. Maternal weight, serum ALT, AST, urea, creatinine and the histopathological changes of liver and kidney were analyzed to determine maternal liver and kidney function. The result showed that neither ethanol extract of propolis from South Sulawesi nor water extract of propolis from Banten at low and high dose decreased maternal weight gain. No significant alteration was found in the serum ALT, AST, urea and creatinine between all groups. In addition, the present study found no specific histopathological changes of liver and kidney in all groups. This study concludes that propolis administration during pregnancy is relatively safe for mothers.
doi:10.29090/psa.2021.03.20.056 fatcat:d76zrmwiejg4xo3pxcwxnctxna