COMPARISON OF TB-HIV COINFECTION STANDARDISED MORBIDITY RATES INMALAYSIA USING INDIRECT STANDARDISATION METHOD

Suan Mei Ong
2016 International Journal of Pharmacy & Technology   unpublished
For decades, Tuberculosis (TB) has been the leading cause of death from an infectious disease in Malaysia. Globally, it is the most common opportunistic disease among people living with HIV (PLHIV) and a third of the HIV-related deaths were coinfected with TB. The objective of this study was to compare the sex-, ethnicity-and age-specific TB-HIV coinfection morbidity rates among the states and federal territories in Malaysia by using indirect standardisation method. The population data of
more » ... ation data of state/federal territory for year 2013 and 2014 were applied in the analaysis, where Malaysia populationwas selected as the standard population. StdAn computer program was used to calculate the factor-standardised morbidity rates of TB-HIV coinfecion for all the populations under study. The results of the study concluded that Kelantan had the highest TB-HIV coinfection morbidity rates based on sex-, ethncity-and age-specific. In contrast, Federal Territory of Labuanscored the lowest sex-, ethnicity-and age-standardised morbidity ratesdespite having high burden of TB.
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