Specification, Execution and Verification of Interaction Protocols An Approach based on Computational Logic Settore Disciplinare: ING-INF05 Ciclo XIX Examing Committee

Chiar Ma, Paola Mello, School, Federico Chesani, Chiar Mo, Bassi, Paola Mello, School, Paolo Bassi, Anna Ciampolini, Letizia, Cesare Stefanelli
Interaction protocols establish how different computational entities can interact with each other. The interaction can be finalized to the exchange of data, as in communication protocols, or can be oriented to achieve some result, as in application protocols. Moreover, with the increasing complexity of modern distributed systems, protocols are used also to control such a complexity, and to ensure that the system as a whole evolves with certain features. However, the extensive use of protocols
more » ... s raised some issues, from the language for specifying them to the several verification aspects. Computational Logic provides models, languages and tools that can be effectively adopted to address such issues: its declarative nature can be exploited for a protocol specification language, while its operational counterpart can be used to reason upon such specifications. In this thesis we propose a proof-theoretic framework, called SCIFF, together with its extensions. SCIFF is based on Abductive Logic Programming, and provides a formal specification language with a clear declarative semantics (based on abduction). The operational counterpart is given by a proof procedure, that allows to reason upon the specifications and to test the conformance of given interactions w.r.t. a defined protocol. Moreover, by suitably adapting the SCIFF Framework, we propose solutions for addressing (1) the protocol properties verification (g-SCIFF Framework), and (2) the a-priori conformance verification of peers w.r.t. the given protocol (A l LoWS Framework). We introduce also an agent based architecture, the SCIFF Agent Platform, where the same protocol specification can be used to program and to ease the implementation task of the interacting peers. v vi vii Dedicated to Elena viii