Representation of a himan as a subject and personality in the culture of Finno-Ugric peoples
Psychological culture of the ethnos is presented as integral part of its culture. It contains the psychological experience of the nation: psychological knowledge, practical and communication skills, relationships with people. In the psychological culture, a human is represented as a subject and personality. As a part of a common culture, psychological culture is transferred from one generation to another. Recreating in each generation, it determines the psychological appearance of the people. A
... ce of the people. A brief analysis of the research on psychological culture of the Finno-Ugric peoples allowed to define the novelty and relevance of the study. The purpose of the study is to reveal the psychological content of the culture of two Finno-Ugric peoples (Hungarian and Erzya). To achieve this goal, we used the method of psychological analysis of the language as a carrier of the psychological culture of an ethnos. Two dictionaries were used as an object of analysis: Erzya-Russian and Hungarian-Russian. The subject of psychological analysis were the words reflecting all sorts of psychological characteristics of a person: character traits, mental processes and conditions, types of people, social stereotypes, status and roles, behavioral characteristics, etc. A human as a subject and personality is central to the culture of both Finno-Ugric peoples. In the Erzya dictionary there was 29,0 % of words reflecting the psychological characteristics of a person, in Hungarian – 26,4 %. The psychological culture which accumulates the experience of communicating a person with other people is very important for both ethnic groups. It presents common and ethnic features in the content and structure of the psychological experience of these peoples. Culture as in multidimensional medium represents the psychological essence of a person as a subject and person. This part of the culture can be defined as psychological. It is characterized by national and ethnic features. Throughout its historical development, the Erzya and Hungarian peoples have created their own psychological culture, well presented in its languages.