Chicken Feathers Waste Management by Microbial as a Sustainable and Tool Environmental Friendly

Amal A. Al Mousa, Nadine M. S. Moubayed, Amani M. Al Jaloud, Fatima S. Al Khattaf, Noura D. Dahmasha
2021 Journal of Environmental Protection  
Valorizing chicken feather agro-wastes nowadays is imperative, if these wastes are disposed of without treatment, they could contribute to environmental problems. Conventional methods of processing chicken feathers such as landfilling, chemical treatment and burning are costly, non-time consumable and are toxic to the environment. Microbial hydrolysis, on the contrary, is now considered the main environmental-friendly recycling alternative. Hence, the aim of this study is to isolate
more » ... c bacteria with efficient feather hydrolysis, to optimize some of the physical parameters that could affect both bacterial growth and consequently its degrading ability. Results demonstrated an efficient feather degrading ability of newly identified Bacillus sp. D4 strain isolated from chicken feathers under optimal mesophilic temperature 37˚C, pH 8.0 and 10 6 CFU/mL cell size inoculum, interpreted by highest keratin activity (55.0 ± 1.35 U/mL) and (54.3 ± 1.5 U/mL) respectively and higher total protein content in the cell free supernatant of 0.65 mg/mL. Beyond these parameters values, a moderate enzyme activity was observed at 40˚C (35.1 ± 2 U/mL), 25˚C (30.1 ± 2 U/mL), similarly at the initial pH 7.5 (52.3 ± 2 U/mL), pH 9.0 (49.0 ± 1.2 U/mL) and pH 10.0 (38.2 ± 1.35 U/mL). Bacillus sp. D4, on the other hand, was not able to tolerate high alkaline pH value 11.0 nor acidic pH 4.0 and 5.0 and high temperature of 55˚C, correspondingly low enzyme activity was noted (19.0 ± 1 U/mL).
doi:10.4236/jep.2021.129039 fatcat:g4xljk27ivc4bhmqieebqdzyka