Invariance of cognitive triage in the development of recall in adulthood

Tammy A. Marche, Mark L. Howe, David G. Lane, Keith P. Owre, Jennifer L. Briere
2009 Memory  
This is the published version of the paper. This version of the publication may differ from the final published version. Permanent repository link: http://openaccess.city.ac.uk/4212/ Link to published version: http://dx. Abstract Past research has demonstrated that cognitive triage (weak-strong-weak recall pattern) is a robust effect that optimizes children's recall. The aim of the current research was to determine whether adults' free recall also exhibits triage and whether cognitive triage is
more » ... less marked with older than younger adults' recall. Younger and older adults memorized 16 unrelated words until all items were recalled perfectly. The triage pattern existed for both of the younger and older adults' recall and there was evidence for age differences in triage. Our results are consistent with claims of greater verbatim forgetting and increased susceptibility to output interference with age in adulthood. Further research is needed to determine whether fuzzy-trace theory adequately explains the aging of triage and what factors play a role in the development of this pattern of recall in adulthood.
doi:10.1080/09658210902939355 pmid:19468958 fatcat:iuw5x755obawphw47h2k7hpmkq