TRAINING ON THE INTERACTION OF CULTURES
FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS OF INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATION. TRANSLATION AND INTERPRETING ISSUES
There is no doubt that the mankind develops in the direction of the expansion of interrelations between different countries, nations and their cultures. This tendency manifests itself in the growth of international cultural exchanges and contacts in various spheres (politics, education, religion, etc.). In the context of an effective intercultural communication the issue of cultural uniqueness and cultural differences becomes quite topical. It is important to determine cultural peculiarities of
... al peculiarities of different nations in order to understand each other and to achieve mutual understanding. Launching intercultural projects can help students explore peculiarities of different cultures. It should be noted that to a certain extent an effective intercultural communication can be taught through a special training (discussions, exercises, projects, etc.). One of the examples of such projects can be a project "Exploring different cultural values, attitudes and stereotypes". The project comprises the following steps: 1. Students select the way of communication (e-mail, social networks, etc.). 2. Students select the topic for discussion (e.g., stereotypes, the norms of social behavior, family relations, education etc.). 3. Students keep a diary (information about the process of an intercultural interaction, their thoughts, feelings and observations). Functional aspects of intercultural communication. Translation and interpreting issues. Proceedings. 2019. Volume 6 356 4. Students submit a detailed report, get feedback from their advisor and other participants of the project. 5. Students write, submit an abstract, take part in a conference and publish a paper. Intercultural training through the above mentioned project leads to the understanding that no culture exists in isolation. Nevertheless, many nations tend to preserve their own cultural values and may demonstrate resistance to current cultural changes in their countries, which may range from passive aversion to active resistance to the expansion of foreign cultural values. Intercultural misunderstanding is obviously connected with the difference in world views and attitudes, with an inadequate use of native cultural values as a sample to judge foreign cultural values. An effective intercultural communication, understanding and acceptance of other cultures (i.e. tolerance) are results of a purposeful work therefore must be thoroughly taught with the help of various communication means, e.g., the Internet (an international project "Exploring different cultural values, attitudes and stereotypes"), communicative exercises, etc.