Tip60 Is a Nuclear Hormone Receptor Coactivator

Mark E. Brady, Daniel M. Ozanne, Luke Gaughan, Ian Waite, Susan Cook, David E. Neal, Craig N. Robson
1999 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
The androgen receptor (AR) is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily. Recent work in this field has been focused upon defining the mechanisms of transcriptional control exacted by members of this superfamily. Using a COOH-terminal region of the human AR in a yeast two-hybrid screen, we have identified Tip60 as an AR-interacting protein. In this report, we show that Tip60, which was originally identified as a coactivator for the human immunodeficiency virus TAT protein, can enhance
more » ... rotein, can enhance AR-mediated transactivation in a ligand-dependent manner in LNCaP and COS-1 cell lines. In addition, our experiments show that Tip60 can also enhance transactivation through the estrogen receptor and progesterone receptor in a ligand-dependent manner; thus identifying Tip60 as a nuclear hormone receptor coactivator. Our studies also demonstrate that Tip60 co-immunoprecipitates with the full-length AR in vitro and that, in our system, Tip60 enhances transactivation to levels observed with the coactivators steroid receptor coactivator 1, p300, and CREB-binding protein. The importance of such proteins in enhancing nuclear hormone receptor-mediated transcriptional activation is widely accepted, and this work suggests that Tip60 may have an equally important role to play. The AR 1 is a member of the nuclear hormone receptor superfamily of ligand-dependent transcription factors. In the nucleus, the ligand-activated receptors bind to their cognate response elements in or near promoter regions of target genes to positively or negatively regulate gene expression (reviewed in Ref.
doi:10.1074/jbc.274.25.17599 pmid:10364196 fatcat:qs7zt5zgfne3pf6kcavj75tn6i