The Association between dietary total antioxidant capacity with the risk of helicobacter pylori infection among adult: a case–control study
Background Dietary total antioxidant capacity (DTAC) has been assumed as a useful tool to assess the relationship between the cumulative antioxidant food capacity and several chronic disorders. The aim of this study was to evaluate the association between DTAC and risk of Helicobacter pylori in a case-control study.Methods This case-control study was carried out among 150 patients with Helicobacter pylori and 302 healthy subjects aged 18–55 years. Dietary data were collected using a validated
... using a validated 168- items quantitative food frequency questionnaire. DTAC was calculated based on the ferric reducing-antioxidant power (FRAP) values that reported by US Department of Agriculture. Results The mean age and BMI of the study participants were 38.70 years and 25.86, respectively. Compared with control subjects, participants with H pylori significantly were older and had higher BMI and smoking use. Patients with H pylori compared with control individuals had also lower intake of total fiber, vitamin E, vitamin C, vitamin D, total dairy, whole grain and vegetables. Compared with participants in the lowest tertile of DTAC, those in the highest terrtile had a significantly lower OR for H pylori after further adjustment for potential confounders (Model 2: OR, 0.20; 95% CI, 0.10 – 0.40; P for trend, < 0.001).Conclusions Our findings showed that a high DTAC was associated with a reduced risk of Helicobacter pylori in adult, which reflects the increased intake of natural dietary antioxidants to prevent the progression of Helicobacter pylori. However, further studies are needed to investigate the t relation between DTAC and risk of Helicobacter pylori.