A Variational EM Approach to Predicting Uncertainty in Supervised Learning

M. Harva
2006 The 2006 IEEE International Joint Conference on Neural Network Proceedings  
In many applications of supervised learning, the conditional average of the target variables is not sufficient for prediction. The dependencies between the explanatory variables and the target variables can be much more complex calling for modelling the full conditional probability density. The ubiquitous problem with such methods is overfitting since due to the flexibility of the model the likelihood of any datapoint can be made arbitrarily large. In this paper a method for predicting
more » ... predicting uncertainty by modelling the conditional density is presented based on conditioning the scale parameter of the noise process on the explanatory variables. The regularisation problems are solved by learning the model using variational EM. Results with synthetic data show that the approach works well and experiments with real-world environmental data are promising.
doi:10.1109/ijcnn.2006.247312 dblp:conf/ijcnn/Harva06 fatcat:kjx4qbhmgfd2zca2jasga6nby4