Effects of two types of exercise training on psychological well-being, sleep and physical fitness in patients with high-grade glioma (WHO III and IV)

Larina Eisenhut, Dena Sadeghi-Bahmani, Attill Seamann, Laurin Staub, Serge Brand, Dominik Cordier
There is evidence that regular exercise training has the potential to improve psychological wellbeing among cancer survivors. However, limited findings are available for individuals with high-grade glioma (HGG; WHO grade III and IV) after neurosurgery and undergoing radiochemotherapy. Given this, endurance and strengths training were employed to investigate their impact on symptoms of depression, feelings of stress and anxiety, fatigue, insomnia, and physical fitness, compared to an active
more » ... ol condition. Methods: A total of 29 patients (M = 52.07, SD = 12.45, 55.2% women) participated in this randomized controlled trial (RCT). After neurosurgical treatment and during adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy or combined radiochemotherapy, patients were randomly assigned to the following conditions: Endurance training (n = 10); strengths training (n = 11); active control condition (n = 8). At baseline, three weeks and six weeks later at the end of the study physical fitness was objectively measured with a 6-min walk test (6MWT) and a handgrip test. Participants completed a series of questionnaires covering sociodemographic information, symptoms of depression, stress, anxiety, fatigue, and insomnia. Further, experts rated participants' severity of symptoms of depression. Results: Over time and compared to the strengths and active control condition, self-rated symptoms of depression, state and trait anxiety, stress and insomnia decreased in the endurance condition. Over time and compared to the endurance and active control condition, no changes on symptoms of depression, anxiety, stress, or insomnia were observed in the strengths condition. Over time and compared to the endurance and strengths condition, symptoms of depression (self-ratings), stress, insomnia and fatigue decreased in the active control condition. Fatigue increased in both exercising conditions. Over time and irrespective from the study condition, physical fitness did neither improve nor decrease. Conclusions: The pattern of results suggests that endurance training and an active control condition improved dimensions of depression, stress, and anxiety, while mere strengths training appeared to neither improve, nor decrease dimensions of psychological functioning. Further, exercise interventions did not change physical fitness, but increased fatigue. Overall, endurance training and an active control condition appeared to favorably impact on psychological well-being among patients with high-grade glioma after neurosurgery and undergoing radiochemotherapy.
doi:10.5451/unibas-ep88320 fatcat:zkl5t4a5rbgu7ktako52swyjxq