Precedent and Progress of an Idea: Quadruple Building Block and the Schindler Shelter
Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
This paper is developed based on a document presented at the 5 Th Congress and Exhibition of the ISIS-Symmetry, held at the University of New South Wales, Sydney in July 2001. It takes as its point of departure of searching for formal methodologies for the description and construction of architectural designs. Its applications in the analysis and synthesis of housing designs are discussed and new possible housing assemblies in an urban scale are suggested with the same principles. The valuable
... ples. The valuable insight of this study is to suggest symmetry principles as design strategies and compositional methodologies in order to develop new design alternatives for topological diversity in housing designs. This paper outlines mathematical concepts of transformations in design and comparatively analyzes F. L. Wright's Quadruple Building Block and R. M. Schindler's Schindler Shelters to show how these concepts are strategically employed as thematic elements in the unit design as well as the variations in housing. Skylight designs of both architects are also analyzed to summarize their conscious interests of the concepts. This paper concludes that both architects consciously exploit the principle of symmetry to generate both interior room variations and multiple housing units. The two housing designs represent good examples of our complementary reasoning between precedent and progress: Wright's design as a precedent, and that of Schindler, a notable progression.