Combined and Sequential Treatment with Deep Brain Stimulation and Continuous Intrajejunal Levodopa Infusion for Parkinson's Disease
Journal of Personalized Medicine
(1) Background: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) and continuous intrajejunal levodopa infusion (CLI) are efficacious treatments of medication related motor response fluctuations in advanced Parkinson's disease (PD). Literature regarding the use of both advanced treatments within one patient is scarce. (2) Methods: We present a retrospective single center case series and a review of the literature. Patients with PD who were treated with both DBS and CLI in our tertiary referral center between 2005
... d 2020 were identified and medical records were assessed. Additionally, literature on patients treated with both therapies was systematically searched for in Medline and Embase. (3) Results: Nineteen patients were included. Medication related motor response fluctuations were a major indication for the second therapy in all but one. Of nine patients initially treated with DBS, five reported improvement with CLI. Seven of ten patients initially treated with CLI experienced benefits from DBS. The systematic literature search resulted in fifteen previous publications comprising 66 patients. Of the 59 patients, for whom the effect of the second treatment was known, 57 improved. (4) Conclusions: PD patients, who have persisting medication related motor response fluctuations, despite DBS or CLI treatment, may benefit from an additional or alternative treatment with either CLI or DBS.