Childcare arrangements and working mothers' satisfaction with work‒family balance

Francesca Luppi, Bruno Arpino
2020 Demographic Research  
BACKGROUND Difficulties with work-family reconciliation contribute to explaining the low participation of women in the labour market and low fertility levels in several developed countries. Understanding how much different types of childcare can help mothers to balance family and work is crucial for implementing ad hoc policies. OBJECTIVE This study examines whether working mothers' satisfaction with work-family balance is associated with different combinations of paid and unpaid childcare
more » ... gements. Difficulties in using different types of childcare are also considered. METHODS We use random effects models on panel data from the Household, Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA) survey (2003)(2004)(2005)(2006)(2007)(2008)(2009)(2010)(2011)(2012)(2013). RESULTS Results show that a balanced mix of paid and unpaid childcare is associated with mothers' highest satisfaction. Difficulties related to the affordability and the flexibility of paid childcare negatively relate to the satisfaction with work-family balance. Moreover, even after adjusting for experienced difficulties, the "mixed" arrangement guarantees the most satisfying combination of work and family responsibilities.
doi:10.4054/demres.2020.42.19 fatcat:pdhi6jckurd3hbdqfwtlcpzyiu