Down-Regulation of 3-Phosphoinositide-Dependent Protein Kinase-1 Levels Inhibits Migration and Experimental Metastasis of Human Breast Cancer Cells

Y. Liu, J. Wang, M. Wu, W. Wan, R. Sun, D. Yang, X. Sun, D. Ma, G. Ying, N. Zhang
2009 Molecular Cancer Research  
High expression of 3-phosphoinositide-dependent protein kinase-1 (PDK1) has been detected in various invasive cancers. In the current study, we investigated its role in cancer cell migration and experimental metastasis. Down-regulation of PDK1 expression by small interference RNA markedly inhibited spontaneous migration and epidermal growth factor (EGF)-induced chemotaxis of human breast cancer cells. The defects were rescued by expressing wild-type PDK1. PDK1-depleted cells showed impaired
more » ... induced actin polymerization and adhesion, probably due to a decrease in phosphorylation of LIM kinase/cofilin and integrin β1. Confocal microscopy revealed that EGF induced cotranslocation of PDK1 with Akt and protein kinase Cζ (PKCζ), regulators of LIM kinase, and integrin β1. Furthermore, PDK1 depletion dampened EGF-induced phosphorylation and translocation of Akt and PKCζ, suggesting that Akt and PKCζ functioned downstream of PDK1 in the chemotactic signaling pathway. In severe combined immunodeficiency mice, PDK1-depleted human breast cancer cells formed more slowly growing tumors and were defective in extravasation to mouse lungs after i.v. injection. Our results indicate that PDK1 plays an important role in regulating the malignant behavior of breast cancer cells, including their motility, through activation of Akt and PKCζ. Thus, PDK1, which increases its expression in cancer cells, can be used as a target for the development of novel therapies. (Mol Cancer Res
doi:10.1158/1541-7786.mcr-08-0368 pmid:19531564 fatcat:2rqh6exrsvbkrbk5aszwpgcwkq