Micro-location of elements in leaves of Leucadendron 'Safari Sunset' (Proteaceae) with phosphorus toxicity

H.-J. Hawkins, H. Hettasch, J. Mesjasz-Przybylowicz, W. Przybylowicz, M.D. Cramer
2007 South African Journal of Botany  
A R6 million commercial scale Spirulina algal biotechnology production plant was built at Musina, Limpopo Province answering amongst others the South African Government and the Department of Science and Technology call to place South Africa amongst the world leaders in the application of biotechnology and economic empowerment. World-wide the dietary supplement industry is extremely lucrative and amounts to US$ 23 billion per annum in the USA alone. Major other consumers are the Europeans and
more » ... anese, and the market is growing at around 20% per annum. The transition from the laboratory to large scale production units is not a simple task, with many unforeseen problems, mostly related to scale. Downstream processing, product production, handling, quality and marketing are additional challenges, not experienced at the laboratory scale. The large outdoor production units offer exciting experimental and research possibilities and they were used, amongst others, to follow midday photosynthetic depression and the switching off of reaction centres.
doi:10.1016/j.sajb.2007.02.052 fatcat:5lwvhue6d5cgxofbf4dseeyfba