Gender Disparity and Cultural Impacts on Girls' Education in Laos
Review of Social Studies
This study aims to understand the problem of school dropouts in Houa Kham village, a rural district of Savannakhet Province, Laos. The main objective is to understand the reason why some school-age children dropout of school before finishing the primary level. Qualitative research techniques were applied; participant observation and interviews were conducted with village authorities, school principals, teachers, and the community as well as the parents of four families. The investigation used
... ur main research dimensions, family financial situation, cultural and traditional beliefs, gender roles, and the current situation of education. The results of the study revealed that cultural beliefs and gender disparity within the community seem to be the major factors associated with dropping out of school. Some policy intervention for future development and strategic plans to improve the quality of education in rural areas of Laos were addressed to the Government of Laos (GOL) to respond to this crucial problem.