The measurement problem in quantum mechanics [chapter]

Gennaro Auletta, Mauro Fortunato, Giorgio Parisi
Quantum Mechanics  
In this paper, we discuss the importance of measurement in quantum mechanics and the so-called measurement problem. Any quantum system can be described as a linear combination of eigenstates of an operator representing a physical quantity; this means that the system can be in a superposition of states that corresponds to different eigenvalues, i.e., different physical outcomes, each one incompatible with the others. The measurement process converts a state of superposition (not macroscopically
more » ... efined) in a welldefined state. We show that, if we describe the measurement by the standard laws of quantum mechanics, the system would preserve its state of superposition even on a macroscopic scale. Since this is not the case, we assume that a measurement does not obey to standard quantum mechanics, but to a new set of laws that form a "quantum measurement theory".
doi:10.1017/cbo9780511813955.010 fatcat:zaiyf6bqk5a4phatg3fhc2hwnm