SITE ANALYSIS OF RURAL SETTLEMENTS IN KOLHAPUR DISTRICT, MAHARASHTR

2022 International Journal of Biology Pharmacy and Allied Sciences  
Each settlement has some specific feature on which it originated and developed known as site of that particular settlement. For the regional planning, site of the settlement play an important role, where hill and forest sites settlements needs special attention. In view of this, present paper aimes to study sites of rural settlements and the factors affecting on them. Kolhapur district of Maharashtra has been selected as a study area for the present investigation. The sites of the all rural
more » ... lements of the study area have been identified with the help of Google Earth images. The reference of District Planning Maps, Census of India tahsils wise maps (with village code) etc. has been taken to identify the village names of these images. The site wise percentage of rural settlements to the total rural settlements has been computed and depicted through graphs in ascending order. For the study of factors affecting on the sites of rural settlements with different elements Speornson's coefficient of correlation has been used. For this purpose the data have been taken from Socio-Economic Review and District Stastical Abstract, 2010. It is found that, river side rural settlements have high proportion followed by stream side. As western part of the study area is hilly and forested, the rural settlements are located on top, slope and bottom of hills and also on the edge and centre of forests. In the cultural sites, road is the major attraction to the rural settlements of the study area. Various attractions are combinly affects the siting of rural settlements and the selection of site is not the only effect pull factors but determined by the push factors also.
doi:10.31032/ijbpas/2022/11.1.1016 fatcat:ihyzxeuv6zei5ieckouuh5cbzq