Bolivia's Claim to an Outlet on the Pacific
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... out Early Journal Content at http://about.jstor.org/participate--jstor/individuals/early-journal--content. JSTOR is a digital library of academic journals, books, and primary source objects. JSTOR helps people discover, use, and build upon a wide range of content through a powerful research and teaching platform, and preserves this content for future generations. JSTOR is part of ITHAKA, a not--for--profit organization that also includes Ithaka S+R and Portico. For more information about JSTOR, please contact email@example.com. THE GEOGRAPHICAL REVIEW THE GEOGRAPHICAL REVIEW tion-its value as a discipline. More than once he praises the rigorous training in the virtues of hardihood and endurance to be derived from battles with the ice and from winters in the far north or the far south. As a prose epic of British naval endeavor, then, "The Lands of Silence" is really a great piece of work; but this very fact means that it must lack important qualities when considered from the points of view of history and of science. Though as Americans we are more than ready to admit that the British hold the foremost place in the annals of polar discovery, we cannot help observing that national bias led the author to devote a vastly disproportionate space to those British exploits with which he was personally familiar and in sympathy. The exploits with which he was not in sympathy are damned with faint praise. There is prejudice, for instance, in the minimizing of Peary's work. The series of Antarctic expeditions sent out from the various nations of Europe between 1898 and I9I1 made contributions to science that were highly significant; to them the author devotes about one page apiece, but to the British expedition at the same time he devotes twentynine pages ! Sir Clements tells us that on frequent occasions he used to express opposition to the search for the poles on the ground that it tended to divert the course of exploration away from more useful channels of geographical and scientific discovery. In spite of this we are not convinced that his foremost interest was scientific. He occasionally mentions details of geologic or other scientific observations, but scrappily and in isolated patches as they appealed to his fancy. Little or no mention is made of the highly significant and interesting climatological discoveries made in the Antarctic in recent years; and H. R. Mill has shown in an admirable review of "The Lands of Silence" (Nature, May 5, 1921, PP. 291-292) that its author in nearly every case slighted the biographies of the scientific staffs of expeditions while at the same time he gave minute details concerning the naval staffs. The history of the scientific exploration of the polar regions remains to be written. The book is beautifully printed and illustrated, contains a valuable chronological table and bibliography by Mr. Edward Heawood, and also a good index. We think, however, that the purchaser of such a costly volume as this is entitled to somewhat better maps. Much of the text is almost unintelligible without constant reference, not to the outline maps provided, but to a first-class atlas. BOLIVIA'S CLAIM TO AN OUTLET ON THE PACIFIC D. S. BUSTAMENTE. Bolivia: Su estructura y sus derechos en el Pacifico. 377 and vi pp. Arno Hermanos, La Paz, I919. 6 bolivianos. 9'2 x 6 inches.