The R-SNARE Motif of Tomosyn Forms SNARE Core Complexes with Syntaxin 1 and SNAP-25 and Down-regulates Exocytosis

Kiyotaka Hatsuzawa, Thorsten Lang, Dirk Fasshauer, Dieter Bruns, Reinhard Jahn
2003 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Tomosyn is a 130-kDa syntaxin-binding protein that contains a large N-terminal domain with WD40 repeats and a C-terminal domain homologous to R-SNAREs. Here we show that tomosyn forms genuine SNARE core complexes with the SNAREs syntaxin 1 and SNAP-25. In vitro studies with recombinant proteins revealed that complex formation proceeds from unstructured monomers to a stable four-helical bundle. The assembled complex displayed features typical for SNARE core complexes, including a profound
more » ... sis upon unfoldingrefolding transitions. No stable complexes were formed between the SNARE motif of tomosyn and either syntaxin or SNAP-25 alone. Furthermore, both native tomosyn and its isolated C-terminal domain competed with synaptobrevin for binding to endogenous syntaxin and SNAP-25 on inside-out sheets of plasma membranes. Tomosyn-SNARE complexes were effectively disassembled by the ATPase N-ethylmaleimide-sensitive factor together with its cofactor ␣-SNAP. Moreover, the C-terminal domain of tomosyn was as effective as the cytoplasmic portion of synaptobrevin in inhibiting evoked exocytosis in a cell-free preparation derived from PC12 cells. Similarly, overexpression of tomosyn in PC12 cells resulted in a massive reduction of exocytosis, but the release parameters of individual exocytotic events remained unchanged. We conclude that tomosyn is a soluble SNARE that directly competes with synaptobrevin in the formation of SNARE complexes and thus may function in down-regulating exocytosis.
doi:10.1074/jbc.m305500200 pmid:12782620 fatcat:xpgqrohstzcyrfgeg4qesdwnaa