To compare empirical treatment of uncomplicated UTI in pregnancy

2018 Indian Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology Research  
Objectives: To compare empirical treatment with fosfomycin and nitrofurantoin in uncomplicated lower urinary tract infection during pregnancy. Materials and Methods: Patients were recruited from OPD of obstetrics and gynecology presenting with symptoms of lower (UTIs) urinary tract infection. Patients were divided randomly alternately in two groups. Fosfomycin therapy was given in group 1 (n=60) and seven days nitrofurantoin therapy was given in group 2(n=60). Patients were evaluated for
more » ... s improvement, compliance, side effects and cost of treatment. Results: Efficacy of fosfomycin on day 7 post treatment is 98% compare to nitrofrantoin I s83.3%. Side effect is 15% in fosfomycin group as compare to 28.3% in nitrofurantoin group. Compliance is 100% in fosfomycin group as compare to 96.6% in nitrofrantoin group. Cost of therapy in fosfomycin group is 300 Rs average while 170 Rs in nitrofurantoin group. Conclusion: Fosfomycin is first line empirical treatment of uncomplicated UTIs during pregnancy because it is safe, effective, less resistance, higher patient's compliance with fewer side effect and equal cost of therapy.
doi:10.18231/2394-2754.2018.0083 fatcat:3cjoejvu25cwxinsxztkjih3nm