Parameters associated with therapeutic response using peritoneal dialysis for therapy refractory heart failure and congestive right ventricular dysfunction
In patients with refractory heart failure (HF) peritoneal dialysis (PD) is associated with improved functional status and decrease in hospitalization. However, previous studies did not focus on right ventricular dysfunction as an important pathophysiologic component of cardiorenal syndrome. Methods In a prospective cohort study PD was started in 40 patients with refractory right HF (with/ without left HF). Refractoriness to conservative therapy was defined as persistent right heart
... cites with intensified diuretic treatment and/or �2 hospitalizations within 6 months because of cardiac decompensation despite optimal medical treatment, and/or acute renal failure during intensified conservative treatment of cardiac decompensations. Results Patient survival was 55.0% at 1 year, 35.0% at 2 years and 27.5% at 3 years. The number of hospitalization days declined after initiation of PD for both cardiac [13 (IQR 1-53) days before vs. 1 (IQR 0-12) days after start of PD, p<0.001] and unplanned reasons [12 (IQR 3-44) days before vs. 1 (IQR 0-33) days after start of PD, p = 0.007]. Using a combined endpoint including survival time of �1 year and either improvement in quality of life or decline in hospitalizations we found that patients with extended ascites, higher systolic pulmonary artery pressure, more marked impairment of right ventricular function and tricuspid valve insufficiency, higher residual renal function as well as those who could perform PD without assistance have benefited most from this therapy.