How Is Technology Changing the World, and How Should the World Change Technology?

Josephine Wolff
<span title="">2021</span> <i title="University of California Press"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/container/hamolhi5hzhfbdo67e6u6wgxhq" style="color: black;">Global Perspectives</a> </i> &nbsp;
Technologies are becoming increasingly complicated and increasingly interconnected. Cars, airplanes, medical devices, financial transactions, and electricity systems all rely on more computer software than they ever have before, making them seem both harder to understand and, in some cases, harder to control. Government and corporate surveillance of individuals and information processing relies largely on digital technologies and artificial intelligence, and therefore involves less
more &raquo; ... n contact than ever before and more opportunities for biases to be embedded and codified in our technological systems in ways we may not even be able to identify or recognize. Bioengineering advances are opening up new terrain for challenging philosophical, political, and economic questions regarding human-natural relations. Additionally, the management of these large and small devices and systems is increasingly done through the cloud, so that control over them is both very remote and removed from direct human or social control. The study of how to make technologies like artificial intelligence or the Internet of Things "explainable" has become its own area of research because it is so difficult to understand how they work or what is at fault when something goes wrong (Gunning and Aha 2019). This growing complexity makes it more difficult than ever-and more imperative than ever-for scholars to probe how technological advancements are altering life around the world in both positive and negative ways and what social, political, and legal tools are needed to help shape the development and design of technology in beneficial directions. This can seem like an impossible task in light of the rapid pace of technological change and the sense that its continued advancement is inevitable, but many countries around the world are only just beginning to take significant steps toward regulating computer technologies and are still in the process of radically rethinking the rules governing global data flows and exchange of technology across borders. These are exciting times not just for technological development but also for technology policy-our technologies may be more advanced and complicated than ever but so, too, are our understandings of how they can best be leveraged, protected, and even constrained. The structures of
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1525/gp.2021.27353">doi:10.1525/gp.2021.27353</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="https://fatcat.wiki/release/iuifbhr3lzbjjgs5jxksqkqo6i">fatcat:iuifbhr3lzbjjgs5jxksqkqo6i</a> </span>
<a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="https://web.archive.org/web/20210825091639/https://watermark.silverchair.com/globalperspectives_2021_2_1_27353.pdf?token=AQECAHi208BE49Ooan9kkhW_Ercy7Dm3ZL_9Cf3qfKAc485ysgAAAugwggLkBgkqhkiG9w0BBwagggLVMIIC0QIBADCCAsoGCSqGSIb3DQEHATAeBglghkgBZQMEAS4wEQQMlwTR6wtArfG_8JohAgEQgIICm9y_yZAuqtDr4Aqr1IZdf3ndb3HbCibFCq4rvoNWv9Y3Qu5q8KdRuL22JwvehmM_Oor319-4JSRFlVmO3Btr2hhVkTToPhHSOyDn5ecursbwkyJJX21TMGtj3AvkdQamMnq3xmDEdbRxaP-f9VH1VEBo8T9pTSxoPfczESGWO2Kf_KPawcjZV5Ly8k6FIyoP2dI7Hz8uxidDHG4Y0c--IGmcwNvNVUeUJrQBg3nIXM3dl7EEhxQ2-Tb_wy5s7yMnWhSZLAJbWj8Mkuv6dfxFmYLFHm9kfvLcwjrIMq3zf1WAUqf4pxWxCghmfJXJHbc-tGBxnSpOrlRdboLkJb4oPYcvgcnrLEqgxYz4_fN_nhDXcEL39ARXUvmFx9B8leVYUkaCoFmDhQaEz1A963g1ixHV6gZ9PlKFpsvhhws3AWq5ElpE1_R5bonEhoEmt-l27Zq_ialv2vsEVgtEPE7QBpKWauxFxC4kNI__RhIZvBIs-wrjgTqf5lYPiRHg9JSaLlrbhHLzmKgGmfhbxR_9bgrloxGUJiadudO7yksCq56I97l77RoWSjf-WUj2VWHpnz1aI9simRAGUYAS_EflxTdpcFAFCRCuY-jS5g6CAKpTKW9eD5jGNWuEuC-5qPQHqK8WvNYS6PpARwHYCtrpOt4Utj1T-xXKHWiLYYf63tAL2cLQtgyl_d2T0nSvVsjtrZUX6iQykrQxsohyLblGTS2cKjJJyhGJ_SP_Nf2J3Og62TKSjmo3Darf7_S2EjiUTa5wdLtAiDEoa7yCy19Obz9oIaov2sx_jwHavLhJUMk5EysDqVORpKZlmaIoE6WHLn_B8wYQhtPrUvUEwQ3jnL3g79NSqH_e8tp3AzWaLt3gj7-wmgTF1c8gpGg" title="fulltext PDF download" data-goatcounter-click="serp-fulltext" data-goatcounter-title="serp-fulltext"> <button class="ui simple right pointing dropdown compact black labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="icon ia-icon"></i> Web Archive [PDF] <div class="menu fulltext-thumbnail"> <img src="https://blobs.fatcat.wiki/thumbnail/pdf/ab/05/ab0565dd83d83501128ddb94fb29e75d512cd53e.180px.jpg" alt="fulltext thumbnail" loading="lazy"> </div> </button> </a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="https://doi.org/10.1525/gp.2021.27353"> <button class="ui left aligned compact blue labeled icon button serp-button"> <i class="external alternate icon"></i> Publisher / doi.org </button> </a>