О нравственной катастрофе и миссии регистратора

С.С. Хоружий
2020 №30 (2019)  
This paper analyzes the anthropological catastrophe which occurred in Russia in the XX c. and discusses, which anthropological and social strategies are possible for re-dressing it in the immediate, post-catastrophic period. We review how ethical models have changed in Russia, from the prerevolutionary period to the present day, showing that the changes were typically sharp breaks between subsequent ethical models which were dictated by state power in a normative and violent manner. These
more » ... manner. These breaks were damaging and disorienting for ethical consciousness, and gradually deprived this con-sciousness of sensitivity, eventually degrading it entirely. The paper characterizes the nal, post-soviet stages of the process as the formation of anti-ethics (in the 1990s), followed by todays formation of non-ethics, i. e. atrophied moral instinct and ethical consciousness. Next, the paper undertakes an anthropological analysis of the post-cata-strophic state of man and society in Russia. Based on the conception of man as the being-presence (developed chiefly in Heideggers philosophy of Dasein and in the philosophy of Vladimir Bibikhin, in Russia), we conclude that in the post-cat-astrophic situation man exists in a certain deficient mode that might be termed the trampled-down presence. We find examples of this mode of existence por-trayed in modern art in the works of Rilke, Klee and Kharms, and also in works of GULAG prisoners. In these examples, mans mission of self-realization inso-far as self-realization is even possible under such extreme conditions is quali-fied as a particular kind of existential practice that we term registration on the edge, or ultimate registration. Those who accomplish this mission are ulimate registrars. The mode of being that we call trampled-down presence lacks a full-bodied ethical model (as well as other dimensions of normal being-presence), although it still has a certain ethos.
doi:10.25803/sfi.2020.31.53297 fatcat:lyjpzotfcnfbjhwkafvjtljmwm