Downhole microseismic monitoring using time-division multiplexed fiber-optic accelerometer array

Fei Liu, Shangran Xie, Min Zhang, Bin Xie, Yong Pan, Xiangge He, Duo Yi, Lijuan Gu, Yuting Yang, Zhangyuan Chen, Hailong Lu, Xian Zhou
2020 IEEE Access  
Microseismic monitoring is of importance for several geoscience research aspects and for applications in oil and gas industry. For signals generated by the ultra-weak microseismic events, conventional moving-coil geophone systems have reached their limit in detection sensitivity especially at high frequency range. Here we for the first time present a specially tailored fiber-optic sensing system targeting at downhole microseismic monitoring. The system contains 30 individual interferometric
more » ... lerometers and 2 reference sensors, which are time-division multiplexed into a 12-level vector seismic sensor array. The multiplexed accelerometers can achieve ∼50 ng/ √ Hz noise equivalent acceleration, which is superior to the commercial available moving-coil geophone systems at frequencies above 200 Hz. The measured sensitivity of the accelerometers can reach ∼200 rad/g from 10 Hz to 1 kHz. The dynamic range is above 134 dB over the same frequency range and is higher than its electronic counterpart in the low frequency band. Moreover, the sensors can function properly under the harsh condition of 120 • C temperature and 40 MPa pressure over the 4-hour test duration. The sensor array along with the interrogator has been running uninterruptedly over 3 weeks in a multi-stage hydraulic fracturing stimulation field test. On-site results show that our system can clearly resolve the vector nature of both compressional and shear waves generated by the microseismic events. INDEX TERMS Fiber-optic accelerometer, seismic sensor, time-division multiplexing, microseismic monitoring.
doi:10.1109/access.2020.3003374 fatcat:w5i4imlhv5axzm4lhspoxc6pu4