Accuracy of Digital Models Obtained by Direct and Indirect Data Capturing of Multi-Implant Impressions

Shereen Gamaluddin, Atef Fathy, Eman Essam
2018 Al-Azhar Dental Journal for Girls  
Purpose: The present study was conducted both in-vivo and in-vitro. The aim was to evaluate the trueness and precision of three-dimensional datasets acquired from digital impressions by chair-side intraoral scanning, or extraoral scanning of the impressions and gypsum casts of completely edentulous patient with multiple implants (All-on-4 protocol). Materials and Methods: Test groups of the in-vivo study: Group (I): (IOS n=5) Direct digital scans using intraoral digital impression technique,
more » ... up (II) :(IMPR IL n=5) Digital scans of the conventional implant level impressions using extraoral scanner, Group (III):(CAST IL n=5) Digital scans of the stone casts -obtained from the conventional implant level impressions, Group (IV):(IMPR AL n=5) Digital scans of the conventional abutment level impressions using extraoral scanner and Group(V): (CAST AL n=5) Digital scans of the stone casts-obtained from the conventional abutment level impressions. Test groups of the in-vitro study: Control group: reference scan of the resin master models, Group (I): (IOS n=5) Direct digital scans of the master model using intraoral scanner, Group (II): (IMPR IL n=5) Digital scans of the conventional implant level impressions using extraoral scanner, Group(III):(CAST IL n=5) Digital scans of the stone casts -obtained from the conventional implant level impressions, Group (IV):(IMPR AL n=5) Digital scans of the conventional abutment level impressions, using extraoral scanner and Group (V): (CAST AL n=5) Digital scans of the stone casts-obtained from the conventional abutment level impressions. All STL datasets (IOS 1-5, IMPR 1-10 and CAST 1-10) for both in-vivo and invitro studies were imported into industrial reverse engineering software. The distance data were saved as an STL file and imported into a statistical program. The measurements were noted in tables and compared with the same measurements made with other scans. Results: The results of the in-vivo study revealed that the highest agreement (reliability-precision) between distance measurements was found with Group 1 (IOS), while the lowest agreement was found with Group 5 (CAST-AL) [insignificant difference] However; all Cronbach's alpha coefficients showed very good Codex : 18/1804
doi:10.21608/adjg.2018.9526 fatcat:q23p3aem2zafzljmfaxymoyth4