How does spallation microdamage nucleate in bulk amorphous alloys under shock loading?

X. Huang, Z. Ling, H. S. Zhang, J. Ma, L. H. Dai
2011 Journal of Applied Physics  
Specially designed plate-impact experiments have been conducted on a Zr-based amorphous alloy using a single-stage light gas gun. To understand the microdamage nucleation process in the material, the samples are subjected to dynamic tensile loadings of identical amplitude ($ 3.18 GPa) but with different durations (83-201 ns). A cellular pattern with an equiaxed shape is observed on the spallation surface, which shows that spallation in the tested amorphous alloy is a typical ductile fracture
more » ... ductile fracture and that microvoids have been nucleated during the process. Based on the observed fracture morphologies of the spallation surface and free-volume theory, we propose a microvoid nucleation model of bulk amorphous alloys. It is found that nucleation of microvoids at the early stage of spallation in amorphous alloys results from diffusion and coalescence of free volume, and that high mean tensile stress plays a dominant role in microvoid nucleation.
doi:10.1063/1.3663332 fatcat:enw6iftvvzddfonf5czx5ghcnu