American Journal of Islam and Society
Freudian Fraud can be categorized in the field of granular psychology andgeneral education. Containing ten chapters, it addresses a varied audience: psychologists,educators, physicians, journalists, priests, and preachers. Chapter one lays out the basics of Freud's theory, the immigration of the theoryto America, and the characteristics of Freud himself: his relationship withsexual freedom, social reform, his orientation toward fame and cocaine, and hisstrong belief in occultism. Chapter two
... ism. Chapter two discusses the nature-nurture debate andthe issues of immigration and race in America during his time.Chapter three concentrates on the efforts of Margaret Mead and RuthBenedict in popularizing sexual freedom, including bisexuality, homosexuality,and lesbianism. In chapter four, the author shows how Freud and Marxjoined forces in order to stand against Hitler's resolution of the nature-nurturedebate. Chapter five pictures the shining days of Freud in America after thepostwar propagation of his faith. It shows how Freud became the star of stage,screen, and radio.Chapters six, seven, and eight deal with Freud's effect on American life-innurseries, schools, jails, and prisons as well as among the intellectual elite, inpolitical parties, mental health centers, universities, and the publishing and filmindustries.Chapter nine presents an indepth discussion of the scientific bases ofFreudian theory and challenges these bases, especially after the evidence forgenetic determinants of personality had been well-established. It presentsFreud's credits and debits. The chapter ends with a discussion of Freud's theoryas a religion.Freud's central theory revolves around the idea that early childhood experiencesand practices (especially those related to the mother) are very crucial indetermining the adult personality later. According to Freud, the core of thoseexperiences is that of sexual development. In addition to his interest in sex,Freud was interested in fame, occultism, and cocaine. Nevertheless, in thebeginning of the twentieth century most Americans were introduced to Freudas an apostle of sexual freedom (p. 13). The author contests that this achievementis a major asset of Freud's effect on American life (p. 257).Journalists, social reformers, physicians, and anthropologists contributed tothe popularization of Freud's ideas. Some of the well-known names areAbraham Brill, the first psychoanalyst in New York; Max Easman, editor ofthe Masses; Walter Lippman, a famous political analyst; Mable Dodge, a wellknownbusinesswoman; and Margaret Mead and Ruth Benedict, the renownedanthropologists ...